And here we are, another spin around the sun and what a year it has been. May 1st is the day that seniors deposit at the college that they will attend in August and it is also the two year anniversary of me opening my sweet little office. It has been a haven in the pandemic and I “sublet” the space during the day to a guy from Wells Fargo. He is easy on the eyes, so it is all working out. The piece below is from two years ago but it rings true and the offer still stands…call me!
I wanted to share an article that was published this spring by NACAC (National Association for College Admission Counseling). It was written by one of the leaders in college admissions, Jon Boeckenstedt. Jon is the Vice Provost of Enrollment Management at Oregon State University. (Go Beavers!) He also two fantastic blogs, Admitting Things and Higher Ed Data Stories. In this article, “8 Things I Wish You Knew About College Admissions”, he provides a concise state of college admissions. He always calls it like he sees it and I hope you find him to be a great resource.
P.S. This is my one hundredth post since I started writing my humble little blog in August of 2016!
THE 8 THINGS I WISH EVERYONE KNEW ABOUT COLLEGE ADMISSION
By Jon Boeckenstedt
Congratulations to the 2020 Muir Award winner, Jon Boeckenstedt, who won for his Admitting Things blog, which is widely respected and seen as a clear, compassionate voice backed up by data. With his finger on the pulse of college admission and enrollment management, his fearless writing insightfully supports our profession and the students we serve. We appreciate him contributing this column.
Perhaps it’s our own fault: We selected this very esoteric profession and we have to put up with the confusion. At least most of us did.
When I started in admission in 1983, it wasn’t an active choice—it was mostly out of necessity. My student loans were coming due and I had to come up with $52.79 every month for the next seven years to repay the $3,500 I had borrowed to get a bachelor’s degree. The economy was tough and I traded one job talking to strangers (selling cable TV door-to-door) for another with a starting salary of $11,000. But at least in this job, the people were interested in talking to me, which makes all the difference for an introvert.
Back then, few people I met or talked to socially seemed to be interested in what I did or even inquired about the facts or the nuances of my job. It was just a job to me and to people who were my friends. They didn’t care about college admission and I didn’t ask about ledgers or legal briefs or journalism.
When admission work—and admission in general—became something else I can’t quite pinpoint. But when our national fascination with the quest for the best came to the forefront, friends and neighbors started asking me a lot of questions, and it was kind of fun to talk about it. What was once just another job became a subject of interest and while I could never fully explain it, I felt it my duty to give it a shot. Looking back, I’m guessing it would take three years of doing the job—the weeks on the road; the file review; the parent, student, and counselor interactions; the same question a thousand times—to have the experience necessary to explain this profession to others.
So, it was interesting and puzzling to me at about that time, to see people who had never done our work start to write about it, opine about it, and make general pronouncements about it.
This has turned out to be considerably less fun than the job I’ve grown to love, because too often, I’ve found, they’re wrong. They might have their facts straight but lack nuance. They might see a few examples and make general pronouncements that don’t hold up under scrutiny. They often make comparisons that seem disparaging or even mean between what we do and what other professions do. They might be victims of their own privileged upbringing, which makes them think their little slice of reality is the only reality.
I’m under no illusions, of course, that a piece in a professional journal will disabuse people of the notions and prejudices they carry with them, but I have a bad habit of, in the words of the late great newspaper columnist Molly Ivins (quoting a politician from Texas), “beating my head against a dead horse.” As someone who almost didn’t go to college at all, I think making a difference in the lives of students is worth it, even if I’ll never know how many–if any–I’ve influenced. And, of course, I think the work we do is special and worth defending. So, here I sit with my keyboard, trying to distill over 35 years into a few thousand words.
To that end, I’ve pulled together a list of the big things people misunderstand or get wrong about what we do for a living, and I’ve added a few thoughts to steer them in the right—excuse me—in my direction. Here goes:
Admission is not a process of skimming the “best” off the top. In the first place, we can’t define “best.” But even if we could, selecting a class of nothing but “the best” would be pretty boring, the process wouldn’t need people to do it, and the outcome wouldn’t be very interesting. With intellectual life at the center of any university, “interesting” is important, but that’s hard to explain. Parents know they don’t always hire the applicant with the most years of experience, or the best GPA, or the one who graduated from the brand-name university, but it’s still hard for them to grasp how admission works, especially at the most selective institutions. In the words of Femi Ogundele at University of California—Berkeley, admission should be looking for “excellence, not perfection.”
Of course we think about money. A colleague once told me, “Without margin, there is no mission.” You can’t run a university on good deeds and goodwill. The electric company wants cash each month; the faculty expect their paychecks will hit their accounts on the last day of the pay period; and test tubes and superconducting nuclear magnetic spectrometers aren’t free. Too many people think “not-for-profit” means “charity.” It doesn’t and it shouldn’t. What makes us different is where we draw the line: Profit is not our motivator.
Graduation rates are inputs, not outputs. Malcolm Gladwell clarified selection effects and treatment effects in his terrific article on college admission in The New Yorker. You don’t become beautiful by going to modeling school; you’re selected because you’re beautiful to start with. That’s a selection effect. You don’t get chosen to become a marine; what happens in basic training makes you one. That’s a treatment effect.
Similarly, if your selection process admits mostly children of wealthy, college-educated parents, who have known since third grade that they’re expected to graduate from college, or if you can provide extraordinary financial assistance to that small group of students who don’t fall into that category, your graduation rates are going to be high. It’s another example of selection effect. Your graduation rate is inversely related to the amount of risk you take in the admission process. If you take few risks in admission, your graduation rates are going to be a lot higher.
We don’t really live in a meritocracy. I once heard University of Wisconsin–Madison professor Harry Brighouse speak about the differences in the US and British education systems and a point he made has stuck with me. In America, he said, we think merit and achievement are the same thing. But no one, he pointed out, gets to achieve anything unless someone invests in them, so students who are the beneficiaries of that investment might have achieved a great deal—but that’s not the same thing as merit. It does explain, however, why people who can invest in their children might equate the two.
It means that wealth looks good on applications when trying to measure “merit” if what you’re really looking for is achievement. And it means, of course, that “merit aid” flows to students who have had the benefit of parental or societal investment, and those students are not always the ones who need it or deserve it. It’s just a way to justify the practice. Instead of being agents of social change, the admission office may be at the heart of the problem of educational inequity, usually, at the behest of the powers in the university.
Standardized tests aren’t academic qualifications. Some parts of the SAT and ACT clearly measure what a student has learned. If that’s all they measured, they’d maybe (big maybe) be useful tools in the admission process. They also—to a greater or lesser degree—measure emotional control, speed processing, and formal preparation and practice, among other things, which may or may not be valuable in college. Choosing the “right” answer from four given might be a skill you’d rather have than not, but good luck applying it in philosophy class.
We have no standardized American high school curriculum, so we’re giving these tests to many students who have never had the opportunity to learn the content, through no fault of their own. The tests don’t measure “aptitude” or “native ability” and never have, despite the monikers once attached to them. And as barriers to the gated communities of academia, they serve merely as minor obstacles to the wealthy, and impenetrable impediments to those without the social, financial, and cultural capital to overcome them. In that sense, they are great tools to use in perpetuating inequality.
Virtually every lawsuit suggesting that admission processes are illegal is based on the premise that “I was more qualified because my test scores were higher.” Pull that premise out from underneath and watch the argument collapse on itself.
There is no such thing as need-blind admission. While it’s true that at many colleges the admission officer can’t see FAFSA data, that would be FAFSA-blind admission.
The fact is that you can see need in almost every line of most applications and you’d have to be willfully ignorant not to recognize it. Put aside for a minute that most colleges don’t have sufficient application volume to even have the luxury of considering ability to pay. Those that do expect successful applicants to have most of the trappings of wealth: the AP classes available at well-resourced schools, great personal statements honed for weeks or months with professionals; high test scores bolstered by months of test prep; letters of recommendation written by teachers who are trained in workshops by the very people reading them; leadership or stellar accomplishments enabled by private lessons or the freedom from after-school jobs; and often college-educated parents who call the institution their alma mater. Only when colleges consider race and ethnicity do lower-income and first-generation students with high need get a chance at a break in the process. That, of course, is the one thing people with all the other advantages like to complain about the most.
We don’t always set the agenda, but we’re expected to carry it out. People who blame the admission office might be right to a point. But the university mission and the strategy to accomplish it, as well as the objectives the dean or director or vice president gets measured against, are set much higher up the food chain. A good admission or financial aid function can and should serve as the nexus between external markets and the internal workings of the academy, but it doesn’t always work out that way. Boards of Trustees are often filled with businesspeople, some of whom don’t understand—and don’t always like—the way colleges run.
Admission isn’t a crap shoot, but it ain’t rocket science either. Very few colleges admit many, if any, unqualified students into their institutions. And while it’s easy to predict how a class will perform, it’s much harder to predict how an individual student will perform. That’s what makes admission so frustrating and so rewarding at the same time. The average GPA of the freshman class after one year is almost pre-ordained; but some superstars will flunk out and some of those students you took a chance on will become stars themselves. The illusion of precision in admission is a fairy tale we tell ourselves.
I couldn’t have imagined when I set out on my first admission trip that I’d still be connected to the profession almost four decades later, and I suppose I couldn’t have believed we’d have to be explaining and defending what we do and how we do it. It’s important, I think, for us to admit when we don’t live up to the expectations we set for ourselves, but it’s also important to defend and provide context for the people who talk about, write about, and legislate for our profession. We’re the ones who live the reality of the work, both the rewards and risks, and at certain times, it’s an 18-hour a day job we all love.
I hope you agree that what we do is worth defending and worth fighting for.
Jon Boeckenstedt is vice provost for enrollment management at Oregon State University.
“Once I’m into a school, I don’t have to worry about showing any interest right? I’ve been flooded with emails about virtual events from XXXXX and XXXXXX.”
~A nervous senior ’21
I am posting this piece on April 1st. Traditionally, by this date, all colleges have released their decisions and students have until May 1st to commit to a school. But this is the class of 2021 and everything is in flux. Some of the most selective schools in the country have pushed back their notification dates after April 1st and like last year, I anticipate that colleges will extend the deadline to submit a deposit for August.
The pendulum swings when colleges have released their admission decisions and they are trying to bring in their freshman class. If you are a senior, up until now, the colleges held all the cards. You were courting them and seeking an an acceptance. Now the dynamic has shifted 180 degrees; the colleges are courting you. Every school wants to yield the best class that they can, so they pepper you with emails about their programs, campus life and graduation outcomes. The student that I quoted above received so many communications that he actually thought that if he did not respond, they might rescind his admission!
So after a long journey in the admission cycle, students hold the power. Enjoy this phase where colleges that have accepted you shower you with love. And take advantage of all the opportunities to learn more about the schools if you are still trying to decide. And if a deadline is approaching and you need more time, you are well within your rights to reach out to colleges and ask for an extension. Congratulations on your acceptances and good luck!
“Some parents feel embarrassed about their lack of savings or feel bad that they do not earn enough to allow their kids to choose among colleges, debt free. Please don’t. The chances are very good that you have done the best you could…Don’t measure yourself against other families, either; nobody really talks about this stuff, and you can’t possibly know which families have generous grandparents…who is pulling six figures from their home equity…or is in five figures of credit card debt.”
The Price You Pay For College by Ron Lieber
Colleges categorize themselves two ways when it comes to financial aid, need-blind or need-aware. The former means that they do not consider whether or not a student needs financial assistance when they make their admission decision. The latter means that they have a fixed amount of financial aid resources and this can impact whether a student is admitted or denied.
In theory, on the other side of the table, I suppose we should have cost-blind and cost-aware families. But I have yet to meet a cost-blind family. Almost every family I work with is cost-aware. Even if they have the resources to comfortably spend more that $300,000 on an undergraduate degree, they question the cost.
If you are entering the the college planning stage of parenthood, and I would say this begins when you have a high school student, and you are wondering how to negotiate the quagmire of financial aid and scholarships, I strongly suggest you pick up Ron Lieber’s book, The Price You Pay For College: An Entirely New Road Map for the Biggest Financial Decision Your Family Will Ever Make. This book is a complete primer on how families are evaluated to determine if they qualify for financial aid, the forms that need to be submitted and how to proceed if you make to much to get any need-based aid but not enough to pay for the full cost.
Lieber writes as a business reporter from The New York Times as well as a parent of college-bound children. He addresses every aspect of this process, from the history of how the system evolved and developed, to the deep emotions that are connected to sending a child to college and paying for it. For $27.99, this book is chock full of useful, hands-on information and I highly recommend it.
In a topsy-turvy year, amidst a global pandemic, college admissions has been dynamic to say the least. As we come down the final stretch for the 2021 application cycle, we enter the most intense part-acceptances and denials for the regular decision round. Up until now students have answers from ED, EA and rolling schools (a primer for the acronyms is here) as well as some colleges that have already released decisions for their regular deadline applicants. But March 1st we enter the final leg of the journey, before the pendulum swings in the other direction. (I will write more about this in April)
If you or your senior is nervously waiting for the decisions that will be released in the next five or so weeks, here are a few of my predictions:
~Full pay students will be coveted. I know this is not fair (see below) but this is reality. Colleges have been hit with the double-whammy of reduced revenue as students make other choices about their education during the pandemic coupled with the soaring costs of testing, contact tracing, PPE and other pandemic related expenses. The truth is that all but the most well-endowed schools need students that can bring economic resources to their colleges.
~The decisions are going to be chaotic and not always make sense. You might see students admitted to reaches, denied at their 50-50 schools and wait listed at their high probability colleges. It is going to be unpredictable.
~The wait list in a regular year is purgatory. Schools often put more students on the wait list than they have in their freshman class. It is fine to pursue a spot on a wait list but I advise students to review their acceptances, commit to one of them and get excited about attending that college.
But this year I think things could be different and here is why. The data so far says that more applications were sent by the same number of students that normally apply. The dramatic increase in applications is not because more students are applying to college, rather the same number of students are applying to more colleges. After the decisions are all released, these students can only accept a spot at one school. And the data analytics that help colleges predict the yield from their applicant pool does not work as well when the applications soar and the colleges do no have the usual information for their algorithms to be accurate. So I think the wait lists will be large this year, but for once, I think they could be active and create a domino effect.
~The next round of decisions will not be fair. Families that are going through this process, but especially in 2021, should not look for “fair” I always tell the adolescents in my life that if they want fair, they should look for a ferris wheel. When the final decisions come down, remember this sentiment which is often cited in the college admissions world-college admission decisions are about the college not the student.
No one in this industry writes better than Rick Clark, the Director of Undergraduate Admissions at Georgia Institute of Technology. If you want to read the perspective of someone on the very frontlines of college admissions, his latest piece is titled “Predicting Yield in 2021: Everyone Shorts It” is here. Enjoy!
Congress made changes to the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) in the pandemic relief bill that they passed over the Christmas holidays. The FAFSA is used to determine how much financial aid a student is eligible to receive. I have been reading and researching the changes so I could write a piece to explain the specific differences and how they might impact families. I came across an interview with two leaders in the financial aid world and I realized that just sharing this piece would provide more coherent information than I could ever put together. If you want to get a handle on how these changes could effect you, look no further than this interview with Lynn O’Shaughnessy of The College Solution and Mark Kantrowitz, a nationally-recognized expert on financial aid. I have followed them both for years and I have learned so much from their deep expertise. The link is below. I hope you find this interview as informative as I did.
I am writing this as a follow up to my recent blog, Class of 2021, Fasten Your Seatbelts!. I have a few more points that I want to share. If you have a student that is headed to college in the next year or two, I hope they are useful for you.
~Many colleges have moved their regular decision release dates later in the spring, due to soaring application levels. I think we might see more colleges announcing a new date to allow themselves time to review the voluminous applications that they have received.
~Last spring, as the pandemic imposed so many changes, colleges moved back the traditional May 1st deposit deadline. They did this to allow seniors more time to evaluate their options and make a decision. I anticipate that many schools will offer a later deposit date in 2021.
~The wait list experience could be different this year. Normally I tell students that it is fine to pursue a spot on the wait list of any college that has invited them to do so. But they need to decide where to attend from the colleges that have already accepted them and realize that this is most likely the campus where they will enroll. This year, because students applied to more colleges, and the analytics that colleges use to protect yield do not have the data to predict as accurately as they have in the past, I think that wait lists might be quite active and the summer could be interesting.
~If you are the parent of a senior and your student is making a final decision about where to attend college next August, I would take a long look at two things. First, I would look at the school’s finances, to determine how stable they are. Second, I would investigate if ( almost every school has had to do this) and how they have tightened their belts and what impact this has had on their campuses. Are they laying off professors? Cutting teams? Eliminating departments? You do not want to have your child matriculate to a program that is about to be shut down by the school.
If I come up with any more important points to share, I will be sure to write Post #3!
January 1st is the regular decision deadline for many colleges in this country. Numerous schools publish data about the applications that they have received at this time of year. Below is the information that several colleges have shared about their applicant pools. Take a look and see what you think. I will share my thoughts too.
~Duke University has announced that they received just over 49,500 applications, an increase of almost 10,000 from last year.
~Harvard College received 57,000 applications, a 42% increase over the 40,248 students that applied last year.
~Brown University has an increase in applications of 26%. They had 46,469 students apply, 9,675 more than last year.
~Colgate University went from 8,582 applications to 17,392, an increase of over 100%!
~Amherst College received 13,930 applications in the regular decision round, an increase of 31%.
~Stanford announced that they have moved back their release date for regular decision to April 9th, due to a “notable increase in our application numbers”.
~The University of Vermont has increased their applications this year by 40% over last year.
~Tufts University’s application pool increased by 35%, to 31,190.
~The Ivy League decision day is traditionally on or before April 1st. This year, several members have announced that due to an increase in applications, the date to release admission decisions has been pushed back to April 6th.
Where did all of these applications come from and what does it mean for the class of 2021? I think that there are two core pandemic-related factors driving this increase. The first one is that the majority of colleges in this country were forced to become test-optional due to the pandemic limiting the availability of the ACT and the SAT. Students that had superb academic profiles and nationally recognized extracurriculars and athletics, but did not have the scores that match suddenly were able to consider a whole new range of schools that they might not have applied to if test scores were required.
The second factor driving this boom in applications is that these students were not able to visit campuses in the spring, summer and fall, before they had to apply. Many seniors decided to cast a wide net and apply to more schools, see where they get in and then go visit in the spring of their senior year.
So if you are a senior or the parent of a senior, what does all of this mean? My suggestion is that you fasten your seatbelts because I think this spring admission season is going to be absolutely unpredictable.
I work with families from all different economic demographics, full-pay to full-need and everything in between. And the one thing all families agree on is that college is expensive. Whether they can afford it or not, there is a consensus among parents that $80,000 a year is too much. If you have a high school student that plans to attend a selective private college, you will probably hit that price tag at some point in your child’s college career.
My inspiration for this post was a friend that I ran into on the ski slopes over the December break. I knew her youngest was a freshman but I did not know where he ended up in school, so I was eager to hear about where he matriculated and how it was going. When she told me his story, I knew it would make a great blog.
Her son is a strong student and was admitted to an array of engineering programs, including UVA, Lehigh, Villanova and SUNY Binghamton. This family resides in New York, so when they laid out their options, and Binghamton University offered a $10,000 STEM scholarship, the cost for room/board/tuition at SUNY Binghamton was under $16,000.
Take a look at the cost of room/board/tuition at these schools for the 2020-2021 school year and what the costs will be over four years and think about what you would do:
When this family saw that their son could attend college for four years as an instate student for the cost of one year at the other colleges, all arrows pointed to Binghamton. He could go to Binghamton University FOUR TIMES for the cost of the private schools. The great news is that after one semester, they are thrilled with their decision. Their son is thriving socially as well as academically and the parents are happy with the cost.
If you are the parent of a college-bound teenager, you might face a similar decision around cost. When your family looks at all of the options and one of them is significantly more affordable, cost concerns come into play. I realize that some people reading this might feel that the colleges that this student turned down possibly offer a higher quality education, but could it possibly be four times better? I suggest that every family talk about college affordability early and often.
I took the photo of the Binghamton Bearcat license plate of a proud alum that was displaying his school pride on his Rolls Royce SUV. Learn more about Binghamton University, a flagship of the State University of New York here.
Happy New Year from the snowy Adirondacks! I am excited to put 2020 in the rearview mirror and I have high hopes that 2021 is going to be amazing. I just sent out my January 1st email to my juniors that lays out our schedule for the next eight months. This plan will send them back to school in September with their applications DONE! In the dark of winter, it seems like a long time away, but it really isn’t. And if we want to complete this work by the end of August, that seed needs to be planted now.
Ideally, I like to see my students walk in senior year with all of their applications ready to submit. But there are exceptions to the rule. Here are a few reasons that you might find a senior working on applications in November or December:
- They applied to some EA/ED schools and they did not like their results, so they feel like they need to expand their list and cast a wider net.
- They applied to some EA/ED schools and they feel like based on these answers, they would like to add another reach or two because they received a positive response to their application.
- They were still testing in the fall and got either stronger or weaker scores that have made us rethink their list and add some schools.
- A student happens to have a chance to see a school that they were not considering and they love it. True story-I had a family that had a flight diverted to Detroit and then their connecting flight was cancelled. This left them stuck overnight in Detroit in the dead of winter. They took advantage of this and visited the University of Michigan. Fast forward and this amazing kid graduated last spring from UM and has an awesome job!
- Senior year they develop a new academic interest and they want to add some schools that offer majors in this area.
- An opportunity develops around athletic recruiting during senior year at a school that was not initially on their list.
So I aim to send them back 100% done but there are circumstances where students are working on applications during senior year. Because they have already completed so much writing over the summer, this work usually goes smoothly.
And finally, here is my tip for juniors. I know that many of you have not been able to visit college campuses due to the pandemic. (I know first hand as I am also the parent of a 2021 student). I do not know how much admission offices are going to open this spring. The truth is, I think it will be a mixed bag. But here is the thing that most high school parents forget; colleges open in August. Some southern campuses are in session by early August and most schools have students on campus by the third week in August. I anticipate that by the fall, college campuses will be in session and open to prospective students. So I think that families should plan on taking advantage of the second half of August to visit colleges before their seniors head back to their own schools.
I hope you had a peaceful holiday and I wish you the best in 2021!